Proverbs 31:10-31 is an acrostic poem in its original Hebrew. As such, there are 22 statements. Each one begins with the next letter in the Hebrew alphabet. No letter is missing. It is a full, complete, beautiful artistic description of an excellent woman.
An excellent woman is rare and precious (10)*. You will not find this kind of woman just anywhere. For the ladies who read this, it is important to know that you will not become this kind of woman by accident. You cannot go hard after the ways of the world and accidently become virtuous. This kind of woman is not only rare, she is also precious. So, dear men, when you find her, you must treasure her!
An excellent woman is trustworthy and complimentary (11). She is a perfect fit for her husband. This woman is also beneficent and consistent (12). She is also diligent and blessed (13). I say she is blessed because she is active with her hands’ pleasure. She gets to do what she likes and she likes what she gets to do.
An excellent woman is industrious and frugal (14). She is careful and attentive (15), economical and industrious (16), resilient and tough (17), productive not slothful (18), hard-working and busy (19), generous and open-handed (20), prepared and responsible (21), thrifty and elegant (22).
An excellent woman is supportive and liberating (23). She is devoted to her husband. And because she is, he is able to excel in the things which have been entrusted to him. And if she is not married, an excellent woman still values the marriages around her.
An excellent woman is shrewd and pragmatic (24). She is organized and equipped (25), discreet and taught (26), structured and persistent (27), acknowledged and praised (28-29), balanced and faithful (30), fruitful and commended (31).
The key to becoming an excellent woman is the fear of the LORD (30).
* I am deeply indebted to Eric Lane in his commentary on Proverbs published by Christian Focus which helped me come up with these couplets in understanding this passage. Though I generally used different words to capture the teaching here.